and Spring Forest
new research studies, one by researchers from the University of Minnesota
and the Mayo Clinic, have found that external qigong
can help patients' chronic pain. The external qigong
treatments were provided by Chunyi Lin. A brief
synopsis of each study is below.
Qigong for Chronic Pain,
Results from a peer-reviewed, randomized,
controlled, clinical study
Vincent, Brent A. Bauer, et al Mayo Clinic,
Jamia Hill, University of
Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
"Chronic pain is highly prevalent in the general
population. Adequate clinical management of chronic
pain is an ongoing challenge and a purely
pharmaceutical approach has proven inadequate. We
investigated the efficacy of external qigong [Spring
Forest Qigong technique] as an adjunctive treatment
for chronic pain."
"Subjects with chronic pain who received external
qigong experienced reduction in pain intensity
following each qigong treatment. This is especially
impressive given the long duration of pain (>5
years) in the most of the participants," writes lead
author Ann Vincent, MD, MBBS, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Qigong for Chronic Pain" study* by researchers from
the University of Minnesota and the Mayo Clinic is
published in the
American Journal of
Vol. 38, No. 4, 695-703. Read the
study abstract on the AJCM website.
World Scientific Publishing Company
Institute for Advanced Research in Asian
Science and Medicine
*The research findings should not be construed as an
endorsement of external qigong or Spring Forest
Qigong by the
or the Mayo Clinic. The Mayo Clinic does not make
such endorsements. The research findings speak for
Utilizing Spring Forest
Qigong as a Self-Directed Treatment for Chronic Pain
& Emotional Distress*
F. Coleman, R.N., PhD
Gustavus Adolphus College,
St. Peter, MN
There was a significant decrease in the perception
of physical pain and emotional distress for the
majority of participants during the study timeframe.
Also, symptom variables (sleep, concentration,
decision-making, appetite, loss of interest)
improved in the majority of subjects.
Both the active exercise and meditative aspects of
Spring Forest Qigong proved to be effective
self-care modalities for persons with perceived
chronic physical pain and/or emotional distress.
Subjects demonstrated significant improvement both
anecdotally and statistically during the study
*Dr. Coleman's study has been accepted for
publication in the Journal of Holistic Nursing.
Spring Forest Qigong has been found effective in the
treatment of depression and bipolar disorder:
Spring Forest Qigong
Related to Qigong
The main source:
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez & Gogole Scholar
List compiled by Karel Nespor, MD, PhD
of medical Qigong on quality of life, fatigue, mood
and inflammation in cancer patients: a randomized
2010 Mar;21(3):608-14. Epub 2009 Oct 30.
Oh B, Butow P, Mullan B, Clarke S, Beale
P, Pavlakis N, Kothe E, Lam L, Rosenthal D.
Department of Medicine, Concord
Repatriation General Hospital, University of Sydney,
Concord, New South Wales, Australia.
BACKGROUND: Substantial numbers of cancer patients
use complementary medicine therapies, even without a
supportive evidence base. This study aimed to
evaluate in a randomized controlled trial, the use
of Medical Qigong (MQ) compared with usual care to
improve the quality of life (QOL) of cancer
patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and
sixty-two patients with a range of cancers were
recruited. QOL and fatigue were measured by
Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General and
Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue,
respectively, and mood status by Profile of Mood State.
The inflammatory marker serum C-reactive protein
(CRP) was monitored serially. RESULTS: Regression
analysis indicated that the MQ group significantly
improved overall QOL (t(144) = -5.761, P < 0.001),
fatigue (t(153) = -5.621, P < 0.001), mood
disturbance (t(122) =2.346, P = 0.021) and
inflammation (CRP) (t(99) = 2.042, P < 0.044)
compared with usual care after controlling for
baseline variables. CONCLUSIONS: This study
indicates that MQ can improve cancer patients'
overall QOL and mood status and reduce specific
side-effects of treatment. It may also produce
physical benefits in the long term through reduced
Qigong on Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetes. A
randomized controlled pilot study
Sun, PHD, Jennifer C. Lovejoy, PHD, Sara Gillham,
BA, Amy Putiri, MS, Masa Sasagawa, ND and Ryan
Bradley, ND, MPH
From the Bastyr University Research
Institute, Kenmore, Washington. Corresponding
author: Guan-Cheng Sun, email@example.com.
Qigong is a traditional Chinese energy
medicine practice combining breathing, movement, and
meditation. Although previous studies suggest that
Qigong may be a beneficial adjunct treatment for
individuals with type 2 diabetes (1–3), few
randomized controlled trials of Qigong in patients
with type 2 diabetes have been performed. The
purpose of the present study was to investigate the
effects of Qigong relative to physical exercise or
standard care on glucose control in adults with type
fifty-one potential subjects were phone screened, 46
individuals were further evaluated at Bastyr University,
and 32 eligible participants enrolled in the study.
Age- and sex-matched participants were randomly
assigned to one of three groups: group 1 (n = 11)
received the Qigong intervention, group 2 (n = 10)
served as the control group, and group 3 (n = 11)
received the progressive resistance training (PRT)
intervention as an active comparator. The mean age
of the participants was 56.3 ± 8.1 years.
Participants in all three groups were asked to
maintain their conventional diabetes care, including
medications, diet, and exercise, during the study.
All participants were taking oral diabetes
medication; however, none were taking insulin.
Participants attended weekly Qigong or PRT group
sessions (60 min per week) conducted by certified
instructors in addition to practicing twice a week
at home for 30 min per session. The study protocol
was approved by
Bastyr University Institutional Review Board,
and informed consent was obtained from all
glucose, insulin, and A1C were measured before and
after the 12-week intervention. Insulin resistance
was estimated using the homeostasis model assessment
of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index score based on
fasting glucose and insulin values before and after
the intervention (4). Statistically significant
reductions in plasma glucose levels were observed in
the Qigong group (184.9 ± 35.3 vs. 161.9 ± 40.5
mg/dl, P = 0.003 by paired t test). All participants
in this group showed a reduction in fasting glucose
by the end of the intervention relative to their
starting value. In contrast, both the PRT group and
the control group increased plasma glucose levels
over time (143.8 ± 35.0 vs. 154.0 ± 44.7 and 156.4 ±
36.6 vs. 168.4 ± 49.1 mg/dl, respectively; not
significant [NS]). Fasting glucose of the Qigong
group significantly improved compared with that of
the PRT group and the control group (P < 0.003 and P
< 0.001, respectively, by one-way ANOVA). A1C
remained unchanged in the control group during the
intervention (7.9 ± 0.8 vs. 7.9 ± 1.6%) but declined
slightly in both the PRT group (8.6 ± 1.2 vs. 7.9 ±
1.6, NS) and the Qigong group (8.8 ± 1.1 vs. 8.1 ±
1.3, NS). Fasting plasma insulin levels increased
slightly in both the PRT group (24.3 ± 28.8 vs. 30.2
± 39.9, NS) and the control group (12.6 ± 4.6 vs.
20.1 ± 10, P = 0.08) but remained unchanged during
the intervention in the Qigong group (13.3 ± 6.2 vs.
13.4 ± 5.7, NS). Although differences were not
statistically significant, HOMA-IR scores shifted
favorably in the Qigong group (5.3 ± 2.3 vs. 4.7 ±
2.2) and unfavorably in both the PRT group (6.60 ±
6.00 vs. 8.91 ± 9.55) and the control group (4.48 ±
2.30 vs. 7.51 ± 4.21, P = 0.06).
Qigong therapy for 12 weeks resulted in
significant reductions in fasting glucose levels in
patients with type 2 diabetes and demonstrated
trends toward improvement in insulin resistance and
A1C. These results suggest that Qigong may be an
effective complementary therapy for individuals with
type 2 diabetes.
Tsujiuchi T, Kumano H,
Yoshiuchi K, He D, Tsujiuchi Y, Kuboki T, Suematsu
H, Hirao K: The effect of Qi-gong relaxation
exercise on the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus:
a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 2002;
25: 241– 242
Xin L, Miller YD,
Brown WJ: A qualitative review of the role of qigong
in the management of diabetes. J Altern Complement
Med 2007; 13: 427– 433.
Chen KW, Choi TY, Ernst E: Qigong for type 2
diabetes care: a systematic review. Complement Ther
Med 2009; 17: 236– 242
DR, Hosker JP, Rudenski AS, Naylor BA, Treacher DF,
Turner RC: Homeostasis model assessment: insulin
resistance and beta-cell function from fasting
plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man.
Diabetologia 1985; 28: 412– 419.
relationship to educational kinesiology: A
J Bodyw Mov
Ther. 2010 Jan;14(1):73-9.
Posadzki P, Parekh S, O'Driscoll ML, Mucha D.
University of East Anglia,
United Kingdom. firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper qualitatively reviews two
complementary therapies; Qi Gong and educational
kinesiology (EK). It is being suggested that Qi Gong
and EK may be united through a qualitative
convergence and a shared underlying concept. The
authors hypothesize that a coherent rationale can be
formed through this conceptual synthesis and propose
that to some extent Qi Gong movements and EK can be
considered to work in unison with each other. The
logical synthesis of these two therapies is being
presented to identify Qi Gong movements with
concepts of brain gymnastics and also to explain how
this new construct can be developed and implemented
into practice. When verified, this hypothesis will
allow individuals to better understand Chinese
health exercises from the modern science perspective
such as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and
benefits of meditative movement in older adults.
Geriatr Nurs. 2010 Jan-Feb;31(1):37-51.
C, Keller C, Larkey LK.
College of Nursing and Health Innovation,
Several meditative movement
interventions have been designed for older adults in
the community setting. Previous reviews have
reported on the objective efficacy of interventions,
but little has been reported on the effectiveness of
such interventions. The purpose of this review is to
report the perceived psychosocial benefits and
health outcomes of meditative movement such as Tai
chi (TC) and Qigong to inform clinicians on what
interventions "work" under what conditions and for
whom. Thirty seven studies were included in this
review and were synthesized with three